Theater stage, a variety of stage, a theatrical general, there are out-style stage, with island-style stage, there are also known as black box stage, because the different forms of the stage, so the lighting configuration requirements are also different. For convenience I here talk about an ordinary proscenium stage, this stage whether alterations in the past or is now more than the theater and new, so talk about the stage lighting configuration that is more urgently needed and necessary.
Stage (theatrical means, later were the same) for the performance of the lighting requirements of different plays will be different. So before we have to be equipped with lamps at this stage to clearly show which plays the main, this configuration will have a clearer light the goals and intentions. If the stage to perform on the positioning of traditional opera, ballet-based, the configuration of the lamps must be at the opera, ballet, the requirements of configuration. If the large-scale song and dance, and other special programs miscellaneous ashamed addition to the basic requirements of the main configuration is outside lighting should be based on specific program requirements, to add to the special configuration of lights and lamps, so that in this narrative is more difficult to clear. So I'm here just to talk about the basic of theatrical stage lighting configuration, in accordance with this configuration, Jiang meet the general, such as opera, ballet, ballet, drama, opera and other requirements of the local theater.
Lamps in the configuration before, we should first understand the types of lamps and their main functions and purposes. I am here to brief some of the performance of lamps, lighting configuration for the selected times.
2. Rib light - or soft light, but in the television lights such as spotlights called. The stage area in order to distinguish the bulk of flat convex spotlight and soft, so it diffuse region with a large, sometimes in order to control the diffuse light in the mirror over the block to be added before the title page, which features a large area is light, unlike poly Le spot obvious sense of light, shooting from the close, the power has 1KW, 2KW other.
3. Back light - no lens in front of this light, the light completely on a large mirror behind the shot, with the same 2KW light bulb, the condenser should be brighter than the brightness, so a strong performance on the stage to the use of light and brightness. The effect is better than other lamps, characterized by a strong beam, but the dimming should pay attention to the focal point, focal point should not be transferred to paper or screen in color, and so easy to cause a fire, the other in the center often appear when dimming black heart In order to avoid black heart, in the light front center plus a ring baffle, the injection of large and difficult to spot Shoulong. Now the new bowl on a kind of reflective coating in the outside back to the transmission line to reduce the temperature of the front lights, the use of a good effect, known as super-luminescent spotlight, the actual structure of the light and back light the same.
4. Spotlight - or molding lights, ellipsoidal spotlight. The beam angle can select a variety of applications, such as the slide like the main feature is able to spot cut into square, diamond, triangle and other shapes, or projected for all kinds of design patterns, the power has 1KW, 2KW, etc. can be Select Configuration.
5. Jane Light - also known as PAR lamps, or light beam, the structure is installed in the cylinder by the lamp is also useful reflective mirror bowl bromine tungsten bulbs, the main feature is the injection than the fixed beam, the beam width of a variety of angles, spot size can not be adjusted.
6. Days of discharge lamps - the astigmatism power lights, for illumination from the sky with the top down, requiring light and balanced, large area exposure.
7. To discharge lamps - the astigmatism power lights, used on the stage surface, the lower canopy light upward, and the days the light phase discharge lamp light up and down evenly.
8. Article astigmatism lights - strip, divided into more cells, generally divided into three or four colors, each grid with a 200W incandescent bulb is about power is to require a variety of colors from the uniform phase, the large-scale screen using light curtains or painting can also be used as a large area with a balanced spread of light, various colors of light can also be used to bring up different colored beams.
9. General astigmatism lights - such as iodine, and the general floodlight, mainly evenly illuminate an area, or some set of purposes.
The above lamp, used for the general basic stage lighting, but the show plays in different forms should also configure other types of lamps. In addition to basic lighting such as the dance party outside the extensive use of lamp, computer lamp, tube lamp, to plate lights, a variety of effects lighting, smoke or even have to configure the device, dry ice machine, strobe light, laser and projection slides, as well as supporting the use of After the vote in the supply of light use, reduce light spots, special seamless plastic curtain, etc., not one by one example of this.
Stage lighting configuration to the estuary mouth is bounded by sub-units and units in the mouth of two major
First, the general sub-surface light extraoral Taiwan, ears, including me (gallery), long-distance spotlight room.
1. Surface light according to the size of the stage theater, has set a side light, two surface light, or even three surface light. Surface light configuration should be based on the distance of the different configurations in different sets from the spotlight, spotlight, its power should be more than 2KW. The first light from the apron pavement close, you can also increase with the number of rib 2KW light, back light. A surface light and two side light on the left, center or right position should be added to configure the appropriate focal length, power, light fixtures for the chase, you can separate themselves from the spotlight who control the brightness and change color and so on.
2. Right and left ears in the Taiwan population symmetric settings, according to the size of theatrical stage, each side can be set a slap in the face or two, configure lighting to spotlight the main spotlight can be a small amount of configuration, rib lights because the audience hall by the side wall of the ear close to, the use of rib lamps, often nearly at the walls of diffuse light shone clear, the atmosphere of some scenes, it should be less preferred. Left and right ears in each set should be the chasing light set of officers for the spotlight the role of any control.
3. Extraoral light foot in Taiwan by the general music pool, set foot bad light, built-in four-dispersion optical bar lights, color control, its length slightly less than the width of the Taiwan population.
4. Long-distance chase ray, usually around the back of the auditorium set up a different, internal configuration, such as xenon gas discharge lamp, all controlled by the person operating the spotlight, if not set specific catch-ray, is often the right and left in the balcony chasing light set up after the district place.
5. Box (gallery) light, the situation can be under the theater in the box (gallery) left, the right place, setting lights spotlight a number of configurations, such as the conditions do not permit, or not set.
Second, the Taiwan population of the general points off the apron and the side pieces (left and right columns of light), the false proscenium Loading (a bridge), two, three, four, five, days row, to row, left and right movement, left and right light (left and right cage), a cage, two hoists, hoists, three, four hoists, hoists, and other five, according to the size of the stage, and some facilities for less, such as the top light is necessary according to the stage depth, area to determine the distribution of several channel appropriate. Left and right side light (cage), but also according to the size of the stage, or even how much to invest consider the set or not. Some stage in the days of behind-the-counter cast light upon the stage or the requirements of this scale is based also on the stage, investment, and the main show which plays to consider and, if this possible, of course, the configuration of lighting should be planned, for necessary use.
1. False proscenium side of the film (or so columns of light) configuration spotlight, rib lights, chasing light, a small amount of imaging light, except in special, in general, symmetrical.
2. Loading false proscenium (a bridge) configuration astigmatism Article lights, spotlights, rib lights, spotlight, and recovery of light.
3. Two light configuration astigmatism Article lights, spotlights, rib lamp, down lamp.
4. Three light configuration astigmatism Article lights, spotlights, rib lights, back lights, downlights.
5. Four optical configuration astigmatism Article lights, spotlights, rib lights, back lights, downlights.
6. Five optical configuration astigmatism Article lights, spotlights, rib lights, back lights, downlights.
7. Days of discharge light emission allocation day.
8. Row to row configuration to light.
9. Current configuration flow with lighthouse, spotlight, rib lights, flat lights.
10. Left and right side light (light cage) configuration spotlight, rib lights, spotlight, back to the light.
Some of the top theatrical stage lights light bar is not configured astigmatism, and astigmatism Dianwu use rows of lights to use. Configured the way lighting can change as needed, but should consider the performance of various lamps. It fully play its function as I used, so perfect